Subject Lead - Miss Dobinson
By ensuring high-quality phonics teaching the government wants to improve literacy levels to:
In April 2021, the DFE published the revised core criteria for effective systematic synthetic phonics teaching programmes and launched a new process to validate complete systematic synthetic phonics teaching programmes.
Nursery - Year 2 children follow the 'Twinkl' phonics scheme on a daily basis.
Blend - Saying the individual sounds that make up a word and then merging or blending the sounds together to say the word – used when reading.
Consonant - Most letters of the alphabet (excluding the vowels: a,e,i,o,u).
CVC Words - Abbreviation used for consonant-vowel-consonant words, used to describe the order of sounds. Some examples of CVC words are: cat, pen, top, chat (because ch makes one sound). Other similar abbreviations include: • VC words e.g. on, is, it. • CCVC words e.g. trap and black. • CVCC words e.g. milk and fast.
Digraph - Two letters which together make one sound e.g. ee, oa, ea, ch, ay. There are different types of digraph: • Vowel digraph: a digraph in which at least one of the letters is a vowel, for example; b(oa)t or d(ay). • Consonant digraph: two consonants which can go together, for example (sh)op or (th)in. • Split digraph (previously called magic e): two letters, which work as a pair to make one sound, but are separated within the word e.g. a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e, u-e. For example c(a)k(e) or p(i)n(e).
Grapheme - Written letters or a group of letters which represent one single sound (phoneme) e.g. a, l, sh, air, ck.
Phoneme - A single sound that can be made by one or more letters – e.g. s, k, z, oo, ph, igh.
Phonics - Phonics teaches children to listen to and identify the sounds that make up words. This helps them to read and write words.
Pure Sound - Pronouncing each letter sound clearly and distinctly without adding additional sounds to the end e.g. ‘f’ not ‘fuh.’
Segment - This is the opposite of blending (see above). Splitting a word up into individual sounds – used when spelling and writing.
Tricky Words - Words that are difficult to sound out e.g. said, the, because.
Trigraph - Three letters which go together make one sound e.g. ear, air, igh, dge, tch.
Vowel - The letters a, e, i, o, u.